Isolationism and Internationalism



American isolationism began when the leaders advocated for a total retreat from the foreign alliances. Conflicts and costly wars dominated the unions that America formed with other countries. Most of the American history show hesitant desire to withdraw from expensive wars with countries such as Japan, Spain, and China. The founders of the isolationist movement included Jefferson and Quincy. Consequently, the move to segregate from the initial alliances led to internationalism, which American leaders advocated for unity among nations despite of political and economic differences. FDR moves entailed an opposition of any proponents of war and any forms of racial discrimination. In fact, some critics praised the call for internationalization, as they explained its impact on world economy.

Factors that influencing American Internationalism

Military Strength

America chose to isolate itself from world problems, but the escalating wars in Europe and the tension in Japan caused the country to slowly edge into the global conflict. For example, the sudden attack of the Pearl Harbor and the increasing tension with Japan sparked the beginning of war (Green n.d). In fact, the United States threatened to cut its supply of oil and metals to Japan. Despite the stern warning, Japan quitted the League of Nations and joined China in support of its economic recession. Additionally, Japan joined with Nazi to take control over Italy with an aim of creating a new world order. Resultantly, United States financed China, and this scaled the initial conflict between the countries. For this reason, America sought to increase its military base.

Democratic Reasons

The American engagement influenced other nations towards liberalization. The move encouraged other countries to choose freedom and democracy. For example, Germany and Japan formed strong alliance that fostered peace and economic development. Apart from peace, the idea provided minority groups with equal justice and greater economic opportunities. Resultantly, other countries emulated the move and sought ideas from the American leaders on the strategies of establishing progress and justice. FDR supported the idea in the quest of promoting the growth of democratic space globally.

Peace and Economic Stability

American internationalism prospered through achievement of greater peace and stability under President John F Kennedy. Such environments enabled several countries to engage in business activities, developing stronger economic ties in the process (Green n.d). The ever-rising strength in the U.S global leadership enabled vibrant international co-relations in business and ensured closer economic ties with Asian countries. Through internationalism, America established crucial economic agreements with the International Monetary Fund’s organization for financing of major projects in friend-countries. Such relations led to creation of global economic order, leading to the betterment of many lives. Besides, some countries took advantage of international relations between the US and other states by engaging in unscrupulous trade deals. For instance, intellectual property theft and economic espionages undermine American efforts in integrating different policies from countries involved in business. Such challenges, therefore, call for an increased role of American leadership in realizing economic realm. Through this, America realizes good relationships with several countries, and therefore achieving internationalism.


Consequently, America engages in free trade pacts with countries across the globe. Such trade agreements allow exchange of processed goods between countries without major constraints. Free trade between countries ensures cheaper prices of commodities in the local markets and therefore improves inter-country relations. Trade agreements ensure that countries adopt similar policies that allow effective operations of business activities. Besides, the American global supply chain increases as many countries develop interest in engaging with favorable business environment.